Spring 2018

TuTh 11:00AM - 12:15PM LOV 0301

This course focuses on server-side web applications programming and the fundamental architecture, system, and components of web applications that are instrumental to the success of many e-commerce websites and enterprise networks. Students will learn key technologies and frameworks in the development of web applications using a programming language such as Java.

Using the Java programming language, in this course, you will

- Be familiar with the components of web application developments
- Be familiar with the concept of MVC (model-view-controller) commonly used in web application development
- Master the design and development of a basic website.
- Be familiar with Java Servlet, Java Beans, and JSP
- Be familiar with the configuration of Apache Web Server

Official: COP 3252: Internet Applications Programming with Java (Advanced Java Programming),- Unofficial: COP4530 and CGS3066 (Web Programming and Design) are very helpful. COP4530 will help you in programming in general. CGS3066 will help you in client-side web programming and the concept of web application development in general.
- If you have doubts whether you satisfy the course pre-requisites, please contact the instructor.

Required textbook

"Guide to Web Development with Java: Understanding Website Creation", by Tim Downey. Publisher: Springer, 2012.

- Recommended optional textbooks

- "
Internet & World Wide Web How to Program",- "Java How to Program",
- "Murach's Java Servlets and JSP",

Topics covered in this course include server-side technologies for handling client requests such as Java Servlet and Java Server Pages; session handling, user data validation, and the MVC framework. The course outline will closely follow the material presented in the book by Tim Downey. We intend to cover chapters 1--7 in the semester, and other chapters in any remaining extra time.

Chapter 1 Browser-Server Communications

Chapter 2 Controllers

Chapter 3 Java Beans and Controller Helpers

Chapter 4 Enhancing the Controller

Chapter 5 Hibernate

Chapter 6 Advanced HTML and Form Elements

Chapter 7 Accounts, Cookies and Carts

Chapter 8 Web Services and Legacy Databases

Chapter 9 Appendix

Chapter 1 Programming: A General Overview 11.1 What’s This Book About? 1

1.2 Mathematics Review 2

1.2.1 Exponents 3

1.2.2 Logarithms 3

1.2.3 Series 4

1.2.4 Modular Arithmetic 5

1.2.5 The

PWord 61.3 A Brief Introduction to Recursion 8

1.4 C++ Classes 12

1.4.1 Basic class Syntax 12

1.4.2 Extra Constructor Syntax and Accessors 13

1.4.3 Separation of Interface and Implementation 16

1.4.4 vector and string 19

1.5 C++ Details 21

1.5.1 Pointers 21

1.5.2 Lvalues, Rvalues, and References 23

1.5.3 Parameter Passing 25

1.5.4 Return Passing 27

1.5.5 std::swap and std::move 29

1.5.6 The Big-Five: Destructor, Copy Constructor, Move Constructor, Copy Assignment operator=, Move Assignment operator= 30

1.5.7 C-style Arrays and Strings 35

1.6 Templates 36

1.6.1 Function Templates 37

1.6.2 Class Templates 38

1.6.3 Object, Comparable, and an Example 39

1.6.4 Function Objects 41

1.6.5 Separate Compilation of Class Templates 44

1.7 Using Matrices 44

1.7.1 The Data Members, Constructor, and Basic Accessors 44

1.7.2 operator[] 45

1.7.3 Big-Five 46

Summary 46

Exercises 46

References 48

Chapter 2 Algorithm Analysis 512.1 Mathematical Background 51

2.2 Model 54

2.3 What to Analyze 54

2.4 Running-Time Calculations 57

2.4.1 A Simple Example 58

2.4.2 General Rules 58

2.4.3 Solutions for the Maximum Subsequence Sum Problem 60

2.4.4 Logarithms in the Running Time 66

2.4.5 Limitations of Worst Case Analysis 70

Summary 70

Exercises 71

References 76

Chapter 3 Lists, Stacks, and Queues 773.1 Abstract Data Types (ADTs) 77

3.2 The List ADT 78

3.2.1 Simple Array Implementation of Lists 78

3.2.2 Simple Linked Lists 79

3.3 vector and list in the STL 80

3.3.1 Iterators 82

3.3.2 Example: Using erase on a List 83

3.3.3 const_iterators 84

3.4 Implementation of vector 86

3.5 Implementation of list 91

3.6 The Stack ADT 103

3.6.1 Stack Model 103

3.6.2 Implementation of Stacks 104

3.6.3 Applications 104

3.7 The Queue ADT 112

3.7.1 Queue Model 113

3.7.2 Array Implementation of Queues 113

3.7.3 Applications of Queues 115

Summary 116

Exercises 116

Chapter 4 Trees 1214.1 Preliminaries 121

4.1.1 Implementation of Trees 122

4.1.2 Tree Traversals with an Application 123

4.2 Binary Trees 126

4.2.1 Implementation 128

4.2.2 An Example: Expression Trees 128

4.3 The Search Tree ADT–Binary Search Trees 132

4.3.1 contains 134

4.3.2 findMin and findMax 135

4.3.3 insert 136

4.3.4 remove 139

4.3.5 Destructor and Copy Constructor 141

4.3.6 Average-Case Analysis 141

4.4 AVL Trees 144

4.4.1 Single Rotation 147

4.4.2 Double Rotation 149

4.5 Splay Trees 158

4.5.1 A Simple Idea (That Does Not Work) 158

4.5.2 Splaying 160

4.6 Tree Traversals (Revisited) 166

4.7 B-Trees 168

4.8 Sets and Maps in the Standard Library 173

4.8.1 Sets 173

4.8.2 Maps 174

4.8.3 Implementation of set and map 175

4.8.4 An Example That Uses Several Maps 176

Summary 181

Exercises 182

References 189

Chapter 5 Hashing 1935.1 General Idea 193

5.2 Hash Function 194

5.3 Separate Chaining 196

5.4 Hash Tables without Linked Lists 201

5.4.1 Linear Probing 201

5.4.2 Quadratic Probing 202

5.4.3 Double Hashing 207

5.5 Rehashing 208

5.6 Hash Tables in the Standard Library 210

5.7 Hash Tables with Worst-Case

O(1) Access 2125.7.1 Perfect Hashing 213

5.7.2 Cuckoo Hashing 215

5.7.3 Hopscotch Hashing 224

5.8 Universal Hashing 230

5.9 Extendible Hashing 233

Summary 236

Exercises 238

References 242

Chapter 6 Priority Queues (Heaps) 2456.1 Model 245

6.2 Simple Implementations 246

6.3 Binary Heap 247

6.3.1 Structure Property 247

6.3.2 Heap-Order Property 248

6.3.3 Basic Heap Operations 249

6.3.4 Other Heap Operations 252

6.4 Applications of Priority Queues 257

6.4.1 The Selection Problem 258

6.4.2 Event Simulation 259

6.5

d-Heaps 2606.6 Leftist Heaps 261

6.6.1 Leftist Heap Property 261

6.6.2 Leftist Heap Operations 262

6.7 Skew Heaps 269

6.8 Binomial Queues 271

6.8.1 Binomial Queue Structure 271

6.8.2 Binomial Queue Operations 271

6.8.3 Implementation of Binomial Queues 276

6.9 Priority Queues in the Standard Library 283

Summary 283

Exercises 283

References 288

Chapter 7 Sorting 2917.1 Preliminaries 291

7.2 Insertion Sort 292

7.2.1 The Algorithm 292

7.2.2 STL Implementation of Insertion Sort 293

7.2.3 Analysis of Insertion Sort 294

7.3 A Lower Bound for Simple Sorting Algorithms 295

7.4 Shellsort 296

7.4.1 Worst-Case Analysis of Shellsort 297

7.5 Heapsort 300

7.5.1 Analysis of Heapsort 301

7.6 Mergesort 304

7.6.1 Analysis of Mergesort 306

7.7 Quicksort 309

7.7.1 Picking the Pivot 311

7.7.2 Partitioning Strategy 313

7.7.3 Small Arrays 315

7.7.4 Actual Quicksort Routines 315

7.7.5 Analysis of Quicksort 318

7.7.6 A Linear-Expected-Time Algorithm for Selection 321

7.8 A General Lower Bound for Sorting 323

7.8.1 Decision Trees 323

7.9 Decision-Tree Lower Bounds for Selection Problems 325

7.10 Adversary Lower Bounds 328

7.11 Linear-Time Sorts: Bucket Sort and Radix Sort 331

7.12 External Sorting 336

7.12.1 Why We Need New Algorithms 336

7.12.2 Model for External Sorting 336

7.12.3 The Simple Algorithm 337

7.12.4 Multiway Merge 338

7.12.5 Polyphase Merge 339

7.12.6 Replacement Selection 340

Summary 341

Exercises 341

References 347

Chapter 8 The Disjoint Sets Class 3518.1 Equivalence Relations 351

8.2 The Dynamic Equivalence Problem 352

8.3 Basic Data Structure 353

8.4 Smart Union Algorithms 357

8.5 Path Compression 360

8.6 Worst Case for Union-by-Rank and Path Compression 361

8.6.1 Slowly Growing Functions 362

8.6.2 An Analysis by Recursive Decomposition 362

8.6.3 An

O(Mlog *N) Bound 3698.6.4 An

O(M α(M, N) ) Bound 3708.7 An Application 372

Summary 374

Exercises 375

References 376

Chapter 9 Graph Algorithms 3799.1 Definitions 379

9.1.1 Representation of Graphs 380

9.2 Topological Sort 382

9.3 Shortest-Path Algorithms 386

9.3.1 Unweighted Shortest Paths 387

9.3.2 Dijkstra’s Algorithm 391

9.3.3 Graphs with Negative Edge Costs 400

9.3.4 Acyclic Graphs 400

9.3.5 All-Pairs Shortest Path 404

9.3.6 Shortest Path Example 404

9.4 Network Flow Problems 406

9.4.1 A Simple Maximum-Flow Algorithm 408

9.5 Minimum Spanning Tree 413

9.5.1 Prim’s Algorithm 414

9.5.2 Kruskal’s Algorithm 417

9.6 Applications of Depth-First Search 419

9.6.1 Undirected Graphs 420

9.6.2 Biconnectivity 421

9.6.3 Euler Circuits 425

9.6.4 Directed Graphs 429

9.6.5 Finding Strong Components 431

9.7 Introduction to NP-Completeness 432

9.7.1 Easy vs. Hard 433

9.7.2 The Class NP 434

9.7.3 NP-Complete Problems 434

Summary 437

Exercises 437

References 445

Chapter 10 Algorithm Design Techniques 44910.1 Greedy Algorithms 449

10.1.1 A Simple Scheduling Problem 450

10.1.2 Huffman Codes 453

10.1.3 Approximate Bin Packing 459

10.2 Divide and Conquer 467

10.2.1 Running Time of Divide-and-Conquer Algorithms 468

10.2.2 Closest-Points Problem 470

10.2.3 The Selection Problem 475

10.2.4 Theoretical Improvements for Arithmetic Problems 478

10.3 Dynamic Programming 482

10.3.1 Using a Table Instead of Recursion 483

10.3.2 Ordering Matrix Multiplications 485

10.3.3 Optimal Binary Search Tree 487

10.3.4 All-Pairs Shortest Path 491

10.4 Randomized Algorithms 494

10.4.1 Random-Number Generators 495

10.4.2 Skip Lists 500

10.4.3 Primality Testing 503

10.5 Backtracking Algorithms 506

10.5.1 The Turnpike Reconstruction Problem 506

10.5.2 Games 511

Summary 518

Exercises 518

References 527

Chapter 11 Amortized Analysis 53311.1 An Unrelated Puzzle 534

11.2 Binomial Queues 534

11.3 Skew Heaps 539

11.4 Fibonacci Heaps 541

11.4.1 Cutting Nodes in Leftist Heaps 542

11.4.2 Lazy Merging for Binomial Queues 544

11.4.3 The Fibonacci Heap Operations 548

11.4.4 Proof of the Time Bound 549

11.5 Splay Trees 551

Summary 555

Exercises 556

References 557

Chapter 12 Advanced Data Structures and Implementation 55912.1 Top-Down Splay Trees 559

12.2 Red-Black Trees 566

12.2.1 Bottom-Up Insertion 567

12.2.2 Top-Down Red-Black Trees 568

12.2.3 Top-Down Deletion 570

12.3 Treaps 576

12.4 Suffix Arrays and Suffix Trees 579

12.4.1 Suffix Arrays 580

12.4.2 Suffix Trees 583

12.4.3 Linear-Time Construction of Suffix Arrays and Suffix Trees 586

12.5

k-d Trees 59612.6 Pairing Heaps 602

- See more at: http://www.pearsonhighered.com/educator/product/Data-Structures-and-Algorithm-Analysis-in-C/9780132847377.page#sthash.tItmjGwR.dpuf

There will be one final exam, one midterm exam, and five (programming) home assignments.

- Five home assignments (50%) - 10% each
- Two exams (50%)

- Midterm - 20%
- Final Exam - 30%

A [90-100] A- [87-90) B+ [84-87) B [81-84) B- [78-81) C+ [75-78) C [72-75) C- [70-72) D [60-70) F <60

The university requires attendance in all classes, and it is also important to your learning. The attendance record may be provided to deans who request it. If your grade is just a little below the cutoff for a higher grade, your attendance will be one of the factors that we consider, in deciding whether to "bump" you up to the higher grade. Missing three or fewer lectures will be considered good attendance. In rare cases, such as medical needs or jury duty, absences may be excused with appropriate documentation. You should let me know in advance, when possible, and submit the documentation I seek. You should make up for any materials missed due to absences.

Attendance Policy:

NOTE: recitation attendance is required. Both announced and unannounced quizzes will be given during recitations.

A missed exam will be recorded as a grade of zero. We will follow the university rules regarding missed final exams (see http://registrar.fsu.edu/dir%5Fclass/spring/exam_schedule.htm), for all the exams, including the final exam.

Missed exam Policy:

In order to enable us to provide timely solutions to assignments, we have the following policy regarding submission of late assignments.

Late Assignment Policy:

- An assignment that is turned in no more than 24 hours late will be scored with a 10% penalty.
- An assignment that is turned in more than 24 and no less than 48 hours late will be scored with a 20% penalty.
- An assignment that is turned in more than 48 hours late will receive the score of zero, though we will review it and comment on it.

The grade of 'I' will be assigned only under the following exceptional circumstances:

Incomplete Grade (Grade of 'I') Policy:

- The final exam is missed with an accepted excuse for the absence. In this case, the final exam must be made up during the first two weeks of the following semester.

ACADEMIC HONOR POLICY:The Florida State University Academic Honor Policy outlines the University's expectations for the integrity of students' academic work, the procedures for resolving alleged violations of those expectations, and the rights and responsibilities of students and faculty members throughout the process. Students are responsible for reading the Academic Honor Policy and for living up to their pledge to . . . be honest and truthful and . . . [to] strive for personal and institutional integrity at Florida State University. (Florida State University Academic Honor Policy, found at http://fda.fsu.edu/Academics/Academic-Honor-Policy.)

AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA):Students with disabilities needing academic accommodation should:

(1) register with and provide documentation to the Student Disability Resource Center; and

(2) bring a letter to the instructor indicating the need for accommodation and what type. This should be done during the first week of class.This syllabus and other class materials are available in alternative format upon request.

For more information about services available to FSU students with disabilities, contact the:

Student Disability Resource Center

874 Traditions Way

108 Student Services Building

Florida State University

Tallahassee, FL 32306-4167

(850) 644-9566 (voice)

(850) 644-8504 (TDD)

(850) 644-7164

sdrc@admin.fsu.edu

http://www.disabilitycenter.fsu.edu/

Academic Integrity:Remember that the goal of programming assignments and homework is to enhance your analysis, reasoning, and programming skills. Indulging in academic dishonesty defeats this purpose apart from being unfair to other students. In case you have any questions about whether an act of collaboration may be construed as academic dishonesty,

please clarify the issue with the instructor before you collaborate.All students should follow FSU Academic Honor Code. You might be assigned a grade of '

F', if you are found to have indulged in academic dishonesty.

It is understandable that discussing a problem with other people may lead to more insight into the issues involved.

Thus discussing a problem in assignments/homeworks with other people is fine. However, discussing the solutions to the problem is NOT acceptable.Every student must write his/her own code and homework.

Showing your code or homework to members of other teams, giving it to them, or making it accessible to them (e.g., by making the files world-readable) is academic dishonesty.You are responsible for ensuring that your code/documentation/results are adequately protected and not accessible to other teams. Change permissions of your working directory to 0700 ('chmod 0700 <directory>).

Consulting code/material from a textbook, or from the Internet, in order to understand specific aspects of your assignment is fine. However,

copying such code/material will be considered academic dishonesty. If you borrow small parts of code/material from these sources, you must acknowledge this in your submission and additionally you must clearly understand and be able to explain the borrowed code/material.Plagiarism detection tools, such as Moss (A system for detecting software plagiarism), will be used in this course.

This syllabus is a guide for the course and is
subject to change with advance notice.